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40+ Different Types Of Tea Explained | A Complete Guide

tea types

Tea is a tasty beverage and is consumed by people all over the world. Drinking tea has improved many health conditions and diseases. There are a plethora of leaves and flavors of tea available geographically. Our guide will help you find the list of both herbal and caffeinated tea available overseas.

 

1. White Tea

white tea

White Tea is a true tea and is the least processed tea produced from buds and leaves plucked from plants before they’re fully open. This tea got its name because of the presence of white hairs on the premature Camellia Sinensis plant. This shrub is natively grown across the Asian region.

White tea contains a subtle and mild flavor with sweet notes and pale yellow color which makes it a delicate tea packed with a punch of health benefits. The various varieties of white tea are Ceylon white, Darjeeling white, white peony, silver needle, and tribute eyebrow.

Drinking a cup a day may help in the prevention of the common cold and the elimination of free radical which causes cancer. The other benefits of white tea include as follows:

  • Being loaded with catechin polyphenol, white tea is effective at reducing chronic inflammation caused due to free radicals.
  • The presence of caffeine and EGCG catechin in white tea helps in burning body fat and boosting metabolism.
  • The compounds like tannins and fluoride in white tea help fight bacteria which causes plaque on teeth.
  • The polyphenols in white tea lower the risk of insulin resistance and improve blood sugar control.
  • White tea protects the skin from damage related to acne, blemishes, and discoloration.

2. Spearmint Tea

Spearmint is a mint variety that comes from the plant Mentha Spicata, similar to peppermint. It’s a perpetual herbaceous plant deriving its nativity from the regions of Asia, China, and Europe mostly. The name “Spearmint” is due to the spear-shaped leaves.

They are pleasantly sweet in flavor and are used to give piquancy to toothpaste, chewing gums, mouthwash, essential oils, perfumes, tea, and candies. Spearmint is used in several age-old medicinal treatments including Ayurveda, Unani and Chinese medications.

It is a power-packed punch of a variety of nutritional compounds including Vitamin A, B12, D, magnesium, sodium, potassium, folate, glucose, zinc, protein, and carbohydrates. All these compounds come in a caffeine-free spearmint tea regulating body temperature, lubricating joints, preventing infections, and maintaining organ functionality.

Like any other herbal tea, spearmint tea hydrates the body and acts as an alternative to water. Some of the other benefits of drinking spearmint tea include:

  • Improved respiratory health due to the presence of anti-inflammatory antioxidants. Hence, taking care of nasal & chest congestion, curing sore, dry and irritated throat.
  • The active ingredient named carvone in this tea aids in healthy digestion and may soothe an irritated stomach.
  • The active antioxidants and flavonoids treat symptoms of PCOS, cystic acne, and irregular menstrual cycle in women.
  • A cup of spearmint mint consumed twice a week shows the results of lowered male hormones and cures the condition of Hirsutism in women.
  • The anti-bacterial and anti-microbial properties of spearmint aid the treatment of bad breath, mouth sores, and other dental infections including tooth decay and gingivitis.

3. Oolong Tea

A combination of the properties of black and green tea, Oolong tea is made up of buds and leaves with stems of the Camellia Sinensis plant. It’s a traditional Chinese tea, deriving nativity from mainland China. However, the other varieties are grown in the regions of Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, India, and Japan.

The partially oxidized Oolong tea has flavor notes ranging from light floral tones to caramel, cinnamon, ripe fruit, and toasted bread notes.

Just like green and black tea, Oolong tea is also rich in several minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants including theaflavins, and EGCG. It also contains an amino acid named L-theanine which aids in relaxation and improved cognitive performance.

According to the wellcurve, Oolong tea is produced from semi-oxidized leaves which place it midway between green and black tea.

Oolong tea is consumed to improve mental prudence. It contains more caffeine than any regular tea, hence stimulating the central nervous system, heart, and muscles. The other benefits of drinking Oolong tea include:

  • The polyphenols in it regulate normal blood sugar levels and decrease the risk of developing type-2 diabetes by inhibiting a digestive enzyme called α-amylase.
  • Oolong tea helps in lowering the high-fat diet-induced weight gain, white adipose tissue weight, and hepatic lipids.
  • The presence of L-theanine in Oolong tea reduces sleep latency and improves brain function with longer sleep patterns.
  • Consuming Oolong tea after a high red meat diet-, reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  • The other polyphenol present in Oolong tea aids in increasing bone mass, and bone strength. Hence, reducing the risks of osteoporosis and multiple fractures.

4. Hibiscus Tea

Hibiscus Sabdariffa-, is the most commonly used plant to Make Hibiscus Tea with boiling water. Also known as Agua de Jamaica, hibiscus tea is ruby red or deep magenta in appearance and possesses a tart flavor as that of cranberries. This tea can be enjoyed both hot and cold as well.

Out of all the herbal teas, Hibiscus tea contains the maximum amount of antioxidants. Hibiscus tea is naturally low in calories and is free of caffeine tea. It contains a good amount of minerals including iron, phosphorus, sodium, zinc, and calcium. It is also rich in B-Vitamins like niacin and folic acid.

Hibiscus Tea is a good source of anthocyanins which is advantageous in regulating blood pressure levels, controlling the common cold, and curing urinary tract infections. The several other benefits of this tea keeping the human body fit are as follows:

  • Drinking Hibiscus tea regularly may lower the systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
  • Frequent consumption of Hibiscus tea reduces blood cholesterol and triglycerides in people with diabetes and metabolic syndrome.
  • Hibiscus extract prevents liver damage and fatty liver with an increase of drug-detoxifying enzymes.
  • Daily usage of Hibiscus tea calms down the nervous system and reduces anxiety and depression.
  • Hibiscus extract reduces the growth of plasma, prostate, mouth, and stomach cancer cells.

5. Essiac Tea

It is a herbal tea that originated in a Canadian province and is a blend of various herbs, including burdock root, sheep sorrel, slippery elm, and Indian rhubarb. Essiac tea tastes like a grassy, earthy flavor with slightly bitter notes.

It is low in calories, sugar content, and carbohydrates with a good amount of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Potassium. Various studies show that frequent consumption of Essiac Tea helps fight cancer-causing cells, increases body detoxification, improves immunity, and decreases inflammation.

The four main ingredients of this tea are said to be health-promoting agents and give the following beneficial results which are:

  • Compounds in burdock root promote blood circulation, stabilize blood sugar, and improve skin texture.
  • The potent antiviral properties of the compounds present in sheep sorrel aid in good digestion.
  • The antioxidants present in slippery elm are rich in disease-fighting polyphenols and act as an aid to cure inflammatory bowel disease.
  • The antioxidants present in Indian rhubarb inhibit the growth and spread of liver cancer cells and help fight cardio-vascular traits.
  • Mild consumption of Essiac Tea strengthens the immune system and cures after-effects of acid reflux.

6. Chamomile Tea

Chamomile is a floral herb belonging to the Asteraceae family. The chamomile tea is made of dried flowers infused in hot water and presents you with an earthy, mildly sweet flavor. It’s a natural remedial option to treat many health-related issues.

It is a popular beverage among people as it’s a caffeine-free alternative as compared to black and green tea. Chamomile tea is a punch pack of antioxidants, and flavonoids and also aids in sleep improvement. The other benefits of drinking chamomile tea are as follows:

  • The presence of an antioxidant named apigenin helps in the improvement of sleep and reduces insomnia disability. It treats the chronic ability to sleep.
  • Chamomile extracts have anti-inflammatory properties protecting against diarrhea,  nausea, acidity, and stomach ulcers.
  • Regular consumption of chamomile tea for a month helps reduce the menstrual cramps, stress, and anxiety related to period pain.
  • Chamomile contains the antioxidant named flavone which may improve heart health as flavones have the potential to lower cholesterol and blood pressure level.
  • The anti-inflammatory effects due to the presence of apigenin lower inflammation and reduce the risk of getting various types of cancer mainly thyroid cancer.

7. Chaga Tea

Chaga tea is made from Chaga mushrooms growing on the trunk of birch trees in the Northern hemisphere. The scientific name of the Chaga mushroom is Inonotus Obliquus-and is commonly known as birch conk, black mass, clinker polypore, and cinder conk having a burnt charcoal-like appearance.

Chaga is considered a traditional medicine to boost immunity and overall health in many regions of Russia, Northern Europe, Siberia, and Alaska. Generally, Chaga is grounded in fine powder and used to make a herbal tea packed with lots of fibers, nutrients, and antioxidants.

The various health benefits due to consumption of Chaga tea include:

  • It promotes the formation of cytokine protein stimulating white blood cells and regulating the immune system aid in fighting minor colds to serious illnesses.
  • Chaga supplements prevent the growth of cancer cells in the human liver, prostate, colon, breasts, and lungs.
  • Chaga extracts reduce the levels of bad LDL cholesterol and also increase good HDL cholesterol levels hence reducing the risks related to heart diseases.
  • The presence of beta D-glucans in Chaga mushrooms balances the immune system.
  • The antioxidant properties in Chaga tea combat oxidation and aid in lowering blood pressure.

8. Rosemary Tea

An evergreen shrub Rosemary is a spice native to the Mediterranean and South American regions and is scientifically known as Rosmarinus Officinalis. It is a member of the Lamiaceae family just like oregano, mint, and basil.

Rosemary tea is flavorful aromatic tea enjoyed for its various health benefits. It’s a caffeine-free alternative offering strong notes of pine with mild undertones of mint and lemon. It also invigorates the senses and makes you fresh with a boasting sharp fragrant pine smell.

Rosemary tea is a herbal tea rich in calcium, iron, and vitamins. Since ancient times, it has been used to cure everything from hair loss to digestive system ailments. The other benefits of Rosemary tea are as follows:

  • This tea contains diterpenes that inhibit neuronal cell death and exhibits anxiolytic, anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antidepressant properties decelerating the loss of memory.
  • The phytochemical present in this tea inhibits the activity of lipase and prevents the breakdown of fats, hence helping you in losing weight gradually.
  • Rosemary tea contains maximum volumes of Vitamin C which boosts immune health and helps fight illnesses caused due to presence of bacteria and viruses in the body.
  • The presence of luteolin, carnosol, and camphene in this tea helps regulate blood sugar levels and promotes good heart health.
  • The powerful antimicrobial phytochemicals in Rosemary tea act as a skin savior and may cure acne, blisters, and bacterial and fungal infections.

9. Sencha Tea

Sencha is an exquisite summer tea due to its light, refreshing, and instant cooling properties. It is made from cultivating tea bushes of Camellia sinensis var Sinensis and is native to the Japanese region.

Sencha green is a herbal tea having a fresher, grassier flavor having the notes of astringent, kiwi, kale, and brussel sprout nuts. The color appearance ranges from light green to yellow to deep and vibrant emerald green based on the brewing intensity.

Sencha tea promotes good health due to the richness of antioxidants, Vitamin C, catechins, folic acid, saponins, beta-carotene, calcium, potassium, and phosphorus. The benefits of drinking Sencha tea include:

  • Sencha tea has anti-cancer components such as EGCG which lowers the risk of prostate cancer.
  • A perfect blend of antioxidants, minerals, vitamins, and caffeine boosts energy and increases mind productivity.
  • Consumption of Sencha Tea lowers blood pressure and prevents excessive strain on the heart hence decreasing the risk of getting hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases.
  • Sencha tea is a perfect brain stimulant and the presence of antioxidants prevents the cause of oxidative stress in the brain.
  • The presence of fluorine in Sencha tea aids in strengthening teeth and preventing cavities, also helping you to fight bad breath.

10. Rose Tea

Roses are one of the oldest floral plants and are added to a range of products for their fragrance and potential health benefits. In the cuisine of middle-eastern, Indian, and Chinese kitchens, adding roses to increase flavor and aroma is common.

The Addition of rose petals to tea originated in China. Rose tea is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine and is said to increase life energy or “qi”.

11. Peppermint Tea

One of the most popular herbal tea that helps in reducing pain, and improving digestion. Mostly used for medicinal purpose and contains minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants which helps in lowering inflammation and free radicals. Avoid peppermint tea if you are pregnant, it may have some adverse effects.

The oils in peppermint tea consist of various health-benefiting properties which help in improving the energy level in the body. Peppermint tea is made by using dry leaves of peppermint plants. It helps in reducing stomach cramps and anxiety.

12. Green Tea

They come with a range of health benefits like maintaining healthy blood vessels which ultimately help in improving heart function and blood pressure issues. The leaves of green tea are the least processed and promote weight loss too.

It promotes heart, liver, lungs, and brain function. The antioxidants i.e. polyphenols in green tea balance the free radicals and blood pressure. It relieves the digestive system and headaches.

13. Black Tea

It improves the cholesterol level in the body and lowers blood pressure. They help in alertness and improve focus, and calm your body. They are the best fungal infection and improve sleep quality. It is more oxidized and contains a good amount of antioxidants.

According to WebMD, drinking large amounts of black tea, more than four or five cups a day — may cause health problems.

The calorie count in green tea is comparatively lower and helps in weight loss and controls the amount of oxidation. It has a better effect on alertness and improved metabolism. It lowers the risk of diabetes, osteoporosis, and High cholesterol. This tea has a positive effect on tremors, nervousness, and high blood pressure.

14. Artichoke Tea

They are made from the tea of the artichoke plant and are a great source of fiber which improves digestion and alleviates constipation. The minerals in artichoke tea balance the electrolyte in the body and reduce stress levels.

It contains less amount of caffeine and a wide amount of vitamins, folate, and minerals. artichoke tea does not contain caffeine. They are considered herbal tea and remove the toxins from the liver and also improve heart attack issues.

15. Rooibos Tea

This type of tea is made by fermenting the leaves of the Aspalathus linearis shrub. They are highly rich in antioxidants which help in keeping you calm and reducing the inflammation in the body. Mostly known by the name red tea, the tannins present in Rooibos tea kind of deviate the taste from sweet to bitter.

They belong to the beans family and are mostly found in African continents, generally grown in small mountain areas. It reduces inflammation and improves the digestive tract too. It is calorie-free which helps in removing extra fat.

16. Lemongrass Tea

17. Dandelion Tea

18. Linden Tea

19. Masala Tea

20. Puer Tea

21. Senna Tea

22. Nettle Tea

23. Barley Tea

24. Dark Tea

25. Brown Rice Tea

26. Herbal Tea

27. Mate Tea

28. Matcha Tea

They are mostly found in China and Japan brought by monks

29. Cinnamon Tea

30. Jasmine Tea

31. Darjeeling Tea

32. Ceylon Tea

33. Tulsi Tea

Best tea for the household. It has a richly flavorful taste and feeds off the infections like sore throat, cough, headache, cold, and fatigue. It helps in boosting the immune system and keeps our brain active and best clears the lungs and bad breath. One of the best tea to control anxiety and stress hormones.

The antioxidants present in tulsi tea help in fighting the free radicals and reduce inflammation. There are many reasons why we get into the trouble of gas issues and inactive brain function, tulsi tea is the perfect solution to balance our nerves and digestive functions.

34. Passionflower Tea

It treats insomnia, digestive problem, anxiety, and hysteria. It is proved that passionflower has improved sleep quality and thereby reduced many health problems. They are widely found in South America. Passionflower tea may sometime cause nausea, vomiting, or slow function of the brain. It is nontoxic and the chemical found in this tea lowers brain activity and helps you feel relaxed and at ease in sleep.

35. Echinacea Tea

They are the best when you come in contact with the common cold virus. It treats sore throat, infections, and breathing problems. The recovery process becomes easier after having echinacea tea and also lowers the blood glucose level.

It improves the immunity system and cognitive skills which keeps you away from bacterial infections. They come in an earthy flavor taste and are made from the Echinacea purpurea plant. This tea has better results on chronic pain and swelling.

36. Yerba Mate

They are naturally caffeinated herbal tea that helps in reducing the blood sugar level in the body. Yerba mate tea keeps your brain’s cognition better and provides positive energy to fight foreign radicals. It tastes slightly sweet and earthy. They enhance physical performance and improve metabolism and mental focus.

37. Yellow Tea

Their color falls between green and white tea. It contains antioxidants like polyphenols and catechin that help in inflammation and reduce free radicals. It aids diabetes treatment and weight loss. Similar to green tea which improves skin health and promotes digestive health.

38. Purple Tea

They are recently available in the market and have nearly taken a good position in ranking comparing the taste of many other teas. These plants are mostly grown in Africa and North-east India, Kenya. They help in reducing inflammation and controlling infections like sore throat, itching, headache, and fatigue. It contains a low amount of caffeine. Their leaves are slightly reddish-purple in a color.

39. Horchata Tea

It is a traditional Spanish tea and is made of a variety of herbals and flowers by soaking rice and nuts. Horchata tea is a very refreshing tea. They have many health-benefiting properties like improving digestive health, reducing blood sugar levels, and lowering inflammation in the body. The plant of horchata tea is herbal and has a refreshing sweet taste.

40. Moringa Tea

Every part of the Moringa plant is edible and can be used in making tea. It has a grassy and earthy taste. It fights chronic inflammation and improves liver health. Moringa tea treats constipation and ulcers with its anti-bacterial properties. They are made of dried leaves of the moringa plant.

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